10 pays africains dotés des plus grandes flottes d’avions militaires en 2024

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10 pays africains dotés des plus grandes flottes d’avions militaires en 2024

Les avions militaires constituent un élément fondamental de la puissance militaire depuis le milieu du XXe siècle. En Afrique, ces avions sont devenus des atouts indispensables à l’architecture de sécurité du continent, fournissant des capacités essentielles aux missions de défense, de maintien de la paix, de surveillance et d’assistance humanitaire.

Dans un article précédent, nous avons étudié la force militaire de 10 pays africains en 2024, sur la base de l’évaluation de Global Firepower. L’indice classe les armées de 145 pays, en pesant divers facteurs tels que le niveau de sophistication de leurs équipements, leurs finances, leur géographie et leurs ressources.

Toutefois, l’évaluation militaire ne se limite pas à la force. Nous avons également abordé les dépenses annuelles de défense de chaque pays et l’importance du budget dans l’entretien et l’achat d’équipements militaires, notamment des chars, des munitions et des avions.

Notamment, dans le domaine de l’aviation militaire, certains pays africains se distinguent par leur impressionnante flotte d’avions, allant des chasseurs et bombardiers aux avions de transport et aux hélicoptères.

L’Égypte est réputée pour posséder l’une des forces aériennes les plus redoutables du continent, avec un parc de 1 080 appareils selon un rapport du Global Firepower . L’Algérie et l’Angola suivent avec respectivement 605 et 297 avions.

Selon le rapport, les types d’avions à voilure fixe et à voilure tournante (hélicoptères) sont pris en compte dans toutes les branches de service (Armée de l’Air, Aviation de l’Armée, Marine, Marine). Différents types d’avions sont également pris en compte : les chasseurs (multirôles, intercepteurs), les entraîneurs (de base, avancés), les transports (à voilure fixe et hélicoptères), les bombardiers et attaquants au sol dédiés, les plates-formes de missions spéciales, etc.

Cependant, les avions actuellement en développement ou en commande pour l’année à venir ne sont pas inclus dans l’évaluation.

Vous trouverez ci-dessous 10 pays africains possédant la plus grande flotte d’avions militaires :

Rang Pays Stock d’avions rang global
1 Egypte 1080 8
2 Algérie 605 20
3 Angola 297 34
4 Maroc 255 39
5 Afrique du Sud 194 49
6 Soudan 170 53
7 Kenya 158 55
8 Tunisie 155 56
9 Nigeria 147 57
dix Libye 132 62
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